THE USE OF UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES IN THE MONITORING OF AGRICULTURAL LAND IN THE STAVROPOL TERRITORY
Modern technologies allow remote monitoring of the quality of agricultural land using unmanned aerial photography. This process is less expensive, more mobile and more efficient and provides accurate and detailed information on the required object. The use of high-resolution cameras from 5 cm / pixel allows you to quickly examine large arrays of fields. The organization of monitoring is most effective when there is a service of geoanalytical data (space images) and in this case, monitoring is carried out from the problem areas.
Monitoring of agricultural lands in the Stavropol Territory with the help of UAV showed that the processes of land degradation tend to increase and solving this problem is one of the top priorities in land management. Negative processes develop both on arable land and on natural forage lands due to an increase in anthropogenic load. Since a large plowing of the territory and uncontrolled grazing of agricultural animals contribute to the development of various types of land degradation.
The timely identification of new foci of erosion processes and their development helps to solve the problem of agricultural land degradation, which is achieved through the use of remote technologies. Inventory of land using UAV is much more accurate and productive than current methods of bypassing the field on the contour or drawing on satellite data. Therefore, this work and the scheme for identifying degraded lands with the help of UAV can be the main document for working out the methodology and developing working projects to eliminate local causes of agricultural land degradation.
The research was carried out with the financial support of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia under the Agreement No. 14.613.21.0081 with the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia from November 22, 2017, the unique identifier: RFMEFI61317X0081