EVALUATION METHODOLOGY OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT LEVEL OF THE SOUTH RUSSIA REGIONS
The article has revealed the essence of monitoring the socio-economic and spatial development of the region. The study has concluded that it is necessary to methodically differentiate spatial monitoring and “classical” monitoring of social and economic development. Besides, indicators of monitoring of spatial development of the region have been given and the order of their estimation has been described on the example of regions of the South of Russia. An assessment of the model of spatial organization of territories has shown that the most even distribution of economic power and impulses of economic development are noted in the Stavropol Territory. The economy of this region develops on a network principle, unlike other regions of the South of Russia, although it has a similar specialization and comparable conditions for the resource potential. The paper concludes that the implementation of monitoring of socio-economic and spatial development of the regions should be indivisible elements of the tools of the regional management system, aimed at timely identification of the existing differentiation of the territories in order to further smooth it. The application of methods of spatial analysis makes it possible to identify such important parameters of the development of the region as the level of centralization, narrowing, fragmentation of economic space. The analysis of spatial development allows reducing the asymmetry in the development of the regions of Russia through the application of complex targeted regional development programs, the activities of which are built individually for each typological group of regions, depending on the level of spatial development.